Based on the collaboration between the Petroleum-Gas University of Ploiesti (UPG) from Romania and the Lebanese University and after a fruitful meeting during the third Erasmus Plus Capacity Building GOPELC workshop in which Prof. Dr. Eng. Cursaru Diana Luciana, were involved, the Faculty of Engineering invited Prof. Cursaru to visit the Faculty of Engineering of the Lebanese University as a visiting professor within the framework of the Erasmus + program for the period from 5 to l4 May 2017.

Prof. Cursaru gave three lectures at the three section of the Faculty of Engineering of 3 hours each. The lecture covered the following topics:

  • Chemistry and technology of Lubricating oils (lubricants functions, synthesis, characterization, classifications, type of lubricants)
  • Biofuels and biodiesel (types, synthesis, characterization, pro and cons of oils substitutes).
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Conpet is a Romanian company with 115 years of experience. It is responsible for the transportation of crude oil, liquid ethane, gasoline and condensate. Conpet has numerous shareholders. The main ones are the Romanian government (Ministry of energy) and UTILCO, which is a Canadian investment company. Conpet transports the oil by two ways: pipeline and railway. Conpet’s pipeline spans about 3800 Km of the Romanian lands, by length. These pipelines have a maximum capacity of 27.5 million tones per year. However, Conpet only exploits 50 to 60 % of the total capacity, due to the weakening of the oil industry in Romania. Nevertheless, before Conpet can transport any batch of oil, this oil must be vigorously tested and evaluated. For this reason, Conpet has dedicated specialized laboratories with a highly trained team of chemists, to complete this mission. Some of these tests include the analysis of crude oil density, water and sediment content. Such parameters can be determined using simple physical techniques, such as distillation and centrifugation. 

Even though underground pipes are considered the safest approach to transport oil, this procedure is still accompanied by a certain risk percentage. The main risks of such techniques are the following:

Oil leaks: They can be very dangerous to the local community, humans, the environment and the economy. Not only oils can leak out of the pipes, but trapped gases too. Such gases can emerge at high pressures and even lead to explosions. Leaks are usually caused by the corrosion or waring of the pipes (due to extreme weather conditions) or the formation of cracks (due to defective welding or accidental damage).

Human errors: They occur due to inefficient monitoring or faulty pipeline design.

 

 

 

Dosco offers services for oil and gas drilling wells and exploration, production tests, workover jobs and environment protection. Dosco can also offer high qualified personnel within this industry and all the related fields of activity.

Drilling Rig Systems

Drilling rigs are one of the most important machines in the E&P activities of the Oil and Gas Industry. They can be massive or small to medium sized structures. The small to medium sized rigs are also called mobile rigs as they are mounted on trucks or trailers and can be easily transferred from one location to another location on wheels. The massive structure rigs can be either onshore rigs or offshore rigs.

Onshore rigs are rigs that perform drilling activities on land, whereas offshore rigs are rigs that perform drilling activities in sea or ocean.

The working platform for drilling work is called drilling rig. It holds the most components required for the drilling work. Main components comprise the drilling rig are: Power system, Hoisting system, Rotary system, Circulating system, Well control& monitoring system.

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OMV-Petrom is a Romanian integrated oil company, the largest corporation in Romania and the largest oil and gas producer in Southeast Europe, with activities in the business segments of Upstream, Downstream Gas and Downstream Oil. OMV Petrom is the main crude oil producer in Romania and supplies around half of the internal gas production. For its sustainable development, OMV Petrom has expanded the gas value chain into power and operates the 860 MW gas fired power plant at Brazi and the Dorobantu 45 MW wind park. 

OMV Petrom processes crude in the Petrobrazi refinery, near Ploiesti. OMV Petrom is present in the distribution market for oil products in Romania, the Republic of Moldova, Bulgaria and Serbia through a network of approximately 780 filling stations, operated under two brands, Petrom and OMV.

Many methods are used for the exploration of an oil reservoir. The gravity anomalies and magnetic anomalies are the first method applied. A two dimensional seismic study is performed in order to locate accumulations of hydrocarbons. Finally, electromagnetic techniques are employed nowadays in order to identify the presence of potential hydrocarbons reservoir. Following the drilling processes and the installation of the well tubing and equipment, the oil will flow either naturally due to its own pressure or will be forced to flow after the injection of water or steam. 

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